Turkey
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Geography
Climate
Population
Economy



Turkey
ISO 3166 codesCar'scurrency
EDM
code
ITU
code
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ISO
3c
ISO
2c
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Nb
license
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Olympic
code
ISO 3c
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TURTURTUTURTR.tr792TRTURTRL79290+2

EDM code : Etudiants Du Monde / Students of the World.
ITU code : International Communication Union.
FIPS code (FIPS 10-4) : intended for general use throughout the US Government.
ISO codes : International Organization for Standardization.

National Anthem





Turkey - Physical geography

Area : 776 000 Km2
Water : 1.3 %
Lands under cultivation : 36 %
Wild pasture lands : 16 %
Forests : 13 %

Min. Height : 0 m (Mediterranean Sea)
Max. Height : 5165 m (Mt Ararat)


Turkey - Climate

91
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76
_

64
_
12°
44
_
16°
31
_
21°
23
_
23°
21
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23°
24
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20°
48
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16°
66
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12°
82
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106
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Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Temperatures °C (degrees Celsius) in Istanbul
Rainfall (mm) in Istanbul
(Average values for each month)


Turkey - People
Nationality : Turk, Turkish
Main language(s) : Turkish

2002

2005
Population (2005) : 72 753 000 people
2002
2005
Density : 94 people / Km2
Fertility rate : 2.2 children / woman
Life expectancy : 70 years
Urban population : 67 %

Main cities :
10 500 000 people Istanbul (aggl.)
3 700 000 people Ankara (capital)
3 200 000 people Smyrne (Izmir)
2 000 000 people Brousse
2 000 000 people Konya
1 700 000 people Adana
1 250 000 people Gaziantep
1 000 000 people Kayseri (Cappadoce)
900 000 people Erzurum
850 000 people Trebizonde
675 000 people Eskisehir


Turkey - Economy
Currency : Lira (TRL) = 100 Kurus
Rate of exchange (Sept.2004) :

1 Euro = 1 825 000 Liras (TRL)

GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 2002 : 183 billion dollars
GDP per capita, 2002 : 2515 dollars
GNP (Gross National Product), 2005 : 342.22 billion dollars
GNP per capita, 2005 : 4704 dollars


Turkey - Miscellaneous information
CONSUMPTION (individual / year) (world rank 1997) :
- Olives = 1.5 Kg (2)
- Tea = 2 Kg (5)
MAIN NATURAL RESOURCES (world rank 2002) :
- Figs (1)
- Apricots (1)
- Hazel-nuts (1)
- Melons (2)
- Watermelons (2)
- Lentils (2)
- String-beans (2)
- Tomatoes (3)
- Aubergines (3)
- Nuts (3)
- Pistachio nuts (3)
- Apples (4)
- Sugar-beets (5)
- Tobacco (5)
- Tea (6)
- Cotton (6)
- Barley (7)
- Wheat (10)
- Oranges (11)
- Potatoes (13)
- Sheeps (9)
- Brown coal (7)
- Iron (17)
- Silver (18)
- Bauxite (19)
- Copper (23)
- Lead (23)
- Coal (24)


Students of the World => Countries of the World => Turkey
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Source of information : Le Quid - Atlas Economique Mondial 2007 du Nouvel Observateur - Maps & flags : CIA's World Fact Book
Countries of the World - (c) Students of the World / Etudiants du Monde - www.StudentsoftheWorld.info
Since 2001, December 6