Information about Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

source : World Fact Book 2008 (October 2008)

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   Introduction    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Background:
Definition Field Listing First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
   Geography    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Location:
Definition Field Listing Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing 46 50 N, 56 20 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing North America
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 242 sq km
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing 0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing 120 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing mostly barren rock
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing fish, deepwater ports
Land use:
Definition Field Listing arable land: 12.5%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 87.5% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing vegetation scanty
   People    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 7,044 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing 0-14 years: 22.4% (male 806/female 772)
15-64 years: 66.3% (male 2,370/female 2,301)
65 years and over: 11.3% (male 366/female 429) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing total: 34.9 years
male: 34.3 years
female: 35.3 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing 0.114% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 12.92 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6.81 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -4.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 7.04 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total population: 78.91 years
male: 76.55 years
female: 81.4 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1.98 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
adjective: French
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Religions:
Definition Field Listing Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing French (official)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (1982 est.)
Education expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
   Government    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Country name:
Definition Field Listing conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
Government type:
Definition Field Listing NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing name: Saint-Pierre
geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing none (territorial overseas collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are two communes - Saint Pierre, Miquelon at the second order
Independence:
Definition Field Listing none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Jean-Pierre BERCOT (since 28 July 2008)
head of government: President of the Territorial Council Stephane ARTANO (since 21 February 2007)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 6 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council is elected by the members of the council
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial (19 seats, 15 from Saint Pierre and four from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: elections last held 19 and 26 in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AD 16, Cap sur l'Avenir 2, SPM 2000/AM 1
note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect one seat to the French Senate; elections last held 26 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2013); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects one seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 10 June 2007, second round - 17 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Left Radical Party 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing Archipelago Tomorrow or AD affiliated with UDF/RPR list; Cap sur l'Avenir affiliated with PRG; Left Radical Party or PRG; Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR (now UMP); Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2000/Avenir Miquelon or SPM 2000/AM; Socialist Party or PS; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing UPU, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing a yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with yellow wavy lines under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the flag of France is used for official occasions
   Economy    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. France heavily subsidizes the islands to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture are being developed to diversify the local economy. Recent test drilling for oil may pave the way for development of the energy sector.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $48.3 million
note: supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million (2003 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing $NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA%
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $7,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3,450 (2005)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 10.3% (1999)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 8.1% (2005)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing revenues: $70 million
expenditures: $60 million (1996 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 50 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 46.5 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 550 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 541.6 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $5.5 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing Spain 33.6%, Belgium 21.8%, India 18.3%, France 9.4%, US 7.5% (2006)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $68.2 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing France 51.3%, Canada 31.8%, Belgium 4.1% (2006)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing approximately $60 million in annual grants from France
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $NA
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing euro (EUR)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing calendar year
   Communications    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 4,800 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing general assessment: adequate
domestic: NA
international: country code - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing 0 (2 repeaters rebroadcast programs from France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing .pm
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
   Transportation    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 117 km
paved: 80 km
unpaved: 37 km (2000)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing Saint-Pierre
   Military    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing male: 61
female: 58 (2008 est.)
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing defense is the responsibility of France
   Transnational Issues    Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing none


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Source : CIA's World Fact Book 2008

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