Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

source : World Fact Book 2008 (October 2008)

SEE UPDATED INFORMATION HERE

   Introduction    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Background:
Definition Field Listing Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on St. Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.
   Geography    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Location:
Definition Field Listing Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing 0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing 84 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing hydropower, cropland
Land use:
Definition Field Listing arable land: 17.95%
permanent crops: 17.95%
other: 64.1% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing 10 sq km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Definition Field Listing total: 0.01
per capita: 83 cu m/yr (1995)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
   People    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 118,432 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing 0-14 years: 25.1% (male 15,161/female 14,600)
15-64 years: 68.4% (male 41,855/female 39,105)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 3,402/female 4,309) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing total: 28 years
male: 27.8 years
female: 28.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing 0.231% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 15.82 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 5.96 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -7.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 13.62 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total population: 74.34 years
male: 72.42 years
female: 76.31 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1.79 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)
adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, European 4%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 3%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing English, French patois
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 96%
male: 96%
female: 96% (1970 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Definition Field Listing total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2005)
Education expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 8.1% of GDP (2005)
   Government    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Country name:
Definition Field Listing conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Government type:
Definition Field Listing parliamentary democracy
Capital:
Definition Field Listing name: Kingstown
geographic coordinates: 13 09 N, 61 14 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Independence:
Definition Field Listing 27 October 1979 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing 27 October 1979
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)
head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
elections: the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and six appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 7 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
election results: percent of vote by party - ULP 55.3%, NDP 44.7%; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing chief of mission: Ambassador La Celia A. PRINCE
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern
   Economy    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing Economic growth slowed slightly in 2007 after reaching a 10 year high of nearly 7% in 2006, but is expected to remain robust, hinging upon seasonal variations in the agricultural and tourism sectors and a recent increase in construction activity. This lower-middle-income country is vulnerable to natural disasters - tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002. In 2007, the islands had more than 200,000 tourist arrivals, mostly to the Grenadines. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. The government's ability to invest in social programs and respond to external shocks is constrained by its high debt burden - 25 percent of current revenues are directed towards debt servicing.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $1.042 billion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing $559 million (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6.6% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $9,800 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 10%
industry: 26%
services: 64% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 41,680 (1991 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 15% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6.1% (2007 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing revenues: $94.6 million
expenditures: $85.8 million (2000 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -0.9% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 115 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 107 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1,500 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1,468 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -$149 million (2007 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $193 million (2006)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing bananas, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch; tennis racquets
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing Greece 25.3%, Italy 13%, France 10.6%, Russia 9.7%, UK 6.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.2%, Spain 4.1% (2007)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $578 million (2006)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing Singapore 15.2%, Trinidad and Tobago 14.3%, Italy 12.7%, US 12.5%, China 4.8% (2007)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing $4.89 million (1995); note - EU $34.5 million (2005)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $223 million (2004)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing calendar year
   Communications    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 22,800 (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 104,000 (2007)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing general assessment: adequate system
domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines; mobile-cellular teledensity about 75 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 1-784; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables carry international calls; connectivity also provided by VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing 1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2004)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing .vc
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 97 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 57,000 (2007)
   Transportation    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 829 km
paved: 580 km
unpaved: 249 km (2003)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 552 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,491,616 GRT/8,055,699 DWT
by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 85, cargo 329, carrier 19, chemical tanker 2, container 21, liquefied gas 6, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 16, petroleum tanker 19, refrigerated cargo 29, roll on/roll off 19, specialized tanker 2
foreign-owned: 503 (Austria 2, Barbados 1, Belgium 8, Bulgaria 14, Canada 2, China 99, Croatia 8, Cyprus 1, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 15, Egypt 3, Estonia 17, France 6, Germany 3, Gibraltar 1, Greece 76, Guyana 2, Hong Kong 7, Iceland 13, India 6, Iran 1, Israel 3, Italy 17, Kenya 2, Latvia 17, Lebanon 8, Lithuania 9, Malta 1, Monaco 5, Montenegro 1, Namibia 1, Netherlands 4, Norway 15, Poland 1, Puerto Rico 1, Romania 1, Russia 22, Singapore 5, Slovenia 5, South Africa 1, Sweden 2, Switzerland 6, Syria 11, Turkey 20, UAE 13, UK 14, Ukraine 13, US 19) (2008)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing Kingstown
   Military    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing no regular military forces; Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force, Coast Guard (2007)
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 34,373 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 28,518 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing male: 1,224
female: 1,169 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
   Transnational Issues    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation


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Source : CIA's World Fact Book 2008

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