The country of Azerbaijan is a presidential republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government. The current President of Azerbaijan is İlham Aliyev.
The Constitution states that the president will be the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "[representative of Azerbaijan] in home and foreign policies", and that he "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his office (the Office of the President), consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers (regarding economic and social policy) and a Security Council (regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters). İlham Aliyev was elected President in 2003. He succeeded his father, Heydar Aliyev who became president in 1993 after the overthrow of Abülfaz Elçibay.