From the ancient period date some remarkable archaeological sites including the ruins of Sigiriya, the so-called "Fortress in the Sky", and huge public works.
Since ancient times Sri Lanka was governed by monarchs, mostly of the Sinha royal dynasty that lasted over 2000 years.
Sri Lanka has been colonised by the Portuguese first, in 1505. Then, the Dutch arrived in Sri Lanka during the 17th century. Last, The British East India Company established control of the island in 1796, although the island would not be officially connected with British India.
Sri Lanka declared its independance on February 4th, 1948.
We can notive that during World War II, the island served as an important Allied military base.