According to archaeological data, about as early as 6000 years ago Peiligang culture Yangshao late or early times, the Central Plains region transition from a matriarchal society to a patriarchal clan society. Meanwhile, the primitive equality be broken. According to a written history, hereditary Shang kings has begun, to establish a complete slave system of the Zhou Dynasty to the gradual deconstruction of the Eastern Zhou, the Qin Dynasty unified the political and national differences in the text and many civil measurement system, and the establishment of political centralization. Starting from the Han dynasty until the Qing state Zeyi civil attending. Since the late Qing Dynasty, democracy, Marxism and other political trend spread, first to overthrow the monarchy set up the Republic of China, 34 years of civil war after the failure of the Nationalist government retreated to Taiwan. In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party established the People's Republic of China.
China is one of the four ancient civilizations, Chinese civilization, also known as the Chinese civilization, is the world's oldest civilizations, is one of the longest in the world civilization. Long history of Chinese civilization, if counting from the Yellow Emperor, has been 5,000 years. Some scholars have pointed out that the Chinese have "30 years of ethnic roots, a thousand years of civilization, five years of national history." Widely recognized that China is one of the oldest ancient civilizations. Is generally believed that the direct source of Chinese civilization, there are two, namely the Yellow River civilization, the Yangtze River civilization, Chinese civilization is the civilization of two regional exchanges, integration and sublimation of the fruit. Counting from the Yellow Emperor in Chinese history and about 5,000 years. Historical scholars believe that the history of human civilization, "Historical Time" is defined as starting from a text, and before that was known as the "prehistoric"; history of the legendary Fu Xi do gossip, Yellow Emperor Changjie created text; Modern archaeological discoveries of 3350 years ago (before 1350) Shang Dynasty Oracle, about 4,000 years ago to 5,000 years ago, the pottery, some 5,000 years ago to 7,000 years ago, the nature of a text symbol Carve turtle bone. Distinction between the political and social patterns of Chinese history, according to archaeological information about the early years of the Peiligang culture in late 6000 or early Yangshao era, the Central Plains region transition from a matriarchal society to a patriarchal clan society. Meanwhile, the primitive equality be broken. According to historical records, the Xia Dynasty has begun hereditary kings, the Zhou Dynasty to establish a complete system of feudal society to the gradual deconstruction of the Eastern Zhou, Qin unified political and national differences in the text and many civil measurement system, and the establishment of centralized political. Starting from the Han dynasty until the Qing state Zeyi civil attending. Qing Dynasty, democracy, Marxism and other political thoughts spread, first to overthrow the monarchy set up the Republic of China, 34 years of civil war after the failure of the Nationalist government retreated to Taiwan. In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party established the People's Republic of China. Morphology from the economy, the Chinese population, mainly by the freemen of ancient structure, private ownership, business development. Zhou dynasty feudal lord business class controlled mainly by the government-commerce trade and free trade constitute the common people. After the implementation of centralized Han population by the scholars, farmers, industry, commerce, etc., of which the freemen engaged in agriculture as the mainstay, is under a monarchical bureaucracy as the main production of land relatively free of the commercial capital of the economic and social, some important industries such as oil, salt meter monopoly by the officials and businessmen. In addition to agriculture, handicraft industry and commercial trade has greatly developed. The opening of the Silk Road in the Han dynasty, contributed to East Asia and Central Asia to Europe, land transportation, international trade has already started; Sui opening of the Grand Canal for the North-South trade; the Tang Dynasty, Golden Age and the diplomatic opening, traffic building, more to their cultural, material can be exchanged; Song when the notes; Yuan fully opened for business travel when the barriers which lead to exchange of a very prosperous business in Central Asia; Ming the middle of the implementation of ban on maritime trade, while the Qing Dynasty by the Western Sea development impact of the rapid development of international maritime trade. Since the founding of the Republic of China trying to establish democracy, practicing free Jing Ji, Zhi Dao in the 1990s democratic Taiwan Luo Shi Zhi Du, 30 years after 1950 Nian Dai Xun Su achieve a society in transition to industrialization; while mainland China after 1949 under the full leadership of the implementation of China's Gong Chandang multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the rule, initially planned for the public ownership of economic and social reform and opening up gradually to the private ownership market economy and social transformation, that pattern is called the macro-control under the market economy with Chinese characteristics, the same time, since the 1980s rapid industrialization, hundreds of millions of people in just 20 years from farmers to industrial workers within the (now simply called "migrant workers" and workers will reach about 200 million). With China's development, The People's Republic of China to join the Republic of China as a founding member of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, evolved from the World Trade Organization, China's economy has become increasingly important in the global economy part.