Dominica

source : World Fact Book 2008 (October 2008)

SEE UPDATED INFORMATION HERE

   Introduction    Dominica
Background:
Definition Field Listing Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
   Geography    Dominica
Location:
Definition Field Listing Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing 15 25 N, 61 20 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 754 sq km
land: 754 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing 0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing 148 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Morne Diablatins 1,447 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing timber, hydropower, arable land
Land use:
Definition Field Listing arable land: 6.67%
permanent crops: 21.33%
other: 72% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing NA
Total renewable water resources:
Definition Field Listing NA
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Definition Field Listing total: 0.02 cu km/yr
per capita: 213 cu m/yr (1996)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing NA
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world
   People    Dominica
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 72,514 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing 0-14 years: 24.7% (male 9,175/female 8,762)
15-64 years: 65.1% (male 24,192/female 22,995)
65 years and over: 10.2% (male 3,178/female 4,212) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing total: 29.4 years
male: 29 years
female: 29.8 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing 0.196% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 15.73 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 8.32 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -5.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total population: 75.33 years
male: 72.39 years
female: 78.41 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 2.1 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing noun: Dominican(s)
adjective: Dominican
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing black 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7% (2001 census)
Religions:
Definition Field Listing Roman Catholic 61.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% (2001 census)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing English (official), French patois
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 94%
male: 94%
female: 94% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Definition Field Listing total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2005)
Education expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 5% of GDP (1999)
   Government    Dominica
Country name:
Definition Field Listing conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica
conventional short form: Dominica
Government type:
Definition Field Listing parliamentary democracy
Capital:
Definition Field Listing name: Roseau
geographic coordinates: 15 18 N, 61 24 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing 10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter
Independence:
Definition Field Listing 3 November 1978 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing Independence Day, 3 November (1978)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing 3 November 1978
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing based on English common law; accepts ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing chief of state: President Nicholas J. O. LIVERPOOL (since October 2003)
head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
elections: president elected by the House of Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 1 October 2003 (next to be held in October 2008); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Nicholas LIVERPOOL elected president; percent of legislative vote - NA%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing unicameral House of Assembly (30 seats; 9 members appointed, 21 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 5 May 2005 (next to be held by 5 August 2010); note - tradition dictates that the election will be held within five years of the last election, but technically it is five years from the first seating of parliament (12 May 2005) plus a 90-day grace period
election results: percent of vote by party - DLP 52.1%, UWP 43.6%, DFP 3.2%, other 1.1%; seats by party - DLP 12, UWP 8, independent 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of the Court of Appeal and the High Court (located in Saint Lucia; one of the six judges must reside in Dominica and preside over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing Dominica Freedom Party or DFP [Charles SAVARIN]; Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Roosevelt SKERRIT]; Dominica United Workers Party or UWP [Earl WILLIAMS]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing Dominica Liberation Movement or DLM (a small leftist party)
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing ACCT, ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing chief of mission: vacant; note - Judith Ann ROLLE (Charge d'Affaires)
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6781
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6791
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing the US does not have an embassy in Dominica; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Dominica
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing green, with a centered cross of three equal bands - the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white and the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a sisserou parrot encircled by 10 green, five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes)
   Economy    Dominica
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing The Dominican economy depends on agriculture, primarily bananas, and remains highly vulnerable to climatic conditions and international economic developments. Tourism has increased as the government seeks to promote Dominica as an "ecotourism" destination. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy - including elimination of price controls, privatization of the state banana company, and tax increases - to address Dominica's economic and financial crisis of 2001-02 and to meet IMF targets. This restructuring paved the way for the current economic recovery - real growth for 2006 reached a two-decade high - and will help to reduce the debt burden, which remains at about 100% of GDP. In order to diversify the island's production base, the government is attempting to develop an offshore financial sector and is researching Dominica's capability to export geothermal energy.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $648 million (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing $311 million (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0.9% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $9,000 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 17.7%
industry: 32.8%
services: 49.5% (2004 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 25,000 (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 40%
industry: 32%
services: 28% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 23% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing 30% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 2.7% (2007 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing revenues: $73.9 million
expenditures: $84.4 million (2001)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts, cocoa; forest and fishery potential not exploited
Industries:
Definition Field Listing soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -10% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 80 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 74.4 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 800 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 771.8 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -$72 million (2007 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $94 million f.o.b. (2006)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing China 23.9%, Jamaica 12.3%, Antigua and Barbuda 9.9%, Guyana 8.3%, UK 8%, Trinidad and Tobago 5.4%, Saint Lucia 4.5% (2007)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $296 million f.o.b. (2006)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing US 23.5%, China 20.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 12.9%, Japan 10.8%, South Korea 4.5% (2007)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing $15.17 million (2005 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $213 million (2004)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing 1 July - 30 June
   Communications    Dominica
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 21,000 (2004)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 41,800 (2004)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing general assessment: NA
domestic: fully automatic network
international: country code - 1-767; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay and SHF radiotelephone links to Martinique and Guadeloupe; VHF and UHF radiotelephone links to Saint Lucia
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 0 (2003)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing 1 (2004)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing .dm
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 257 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 26,500 (2006)
   Transportation    Dominica
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 780 km
paved: 393 km
unpaved: 387 km (2000)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 54 ships (1000 GRT or over) 871,803 GRT/1,548,335 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 13, cargo 28, chemical tanker 3, petroleum tanker 7, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 1
foreign-owned: 46 (Australia 2, Estonia 6, Greece 9, India 2, Latvia 2, Lebanon 1, Norway 1, Russia 3, Saudi Arabia 3, Singapore 7, Syria 2, Turkey 4, Ukraine 4) (2008)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing Portsmouth, Roseau
   Military    Dominica
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing no regular military forces; Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2008)
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 18,584 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 15,648 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing male: 756
female: 713 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA (2006)
   Transnational Issues    Dominica
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing Dominica is the only Caribbean state to challenge Venezuela's sovereignty claim over Aves Island and joins the other island nations in challenging whether the feature sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Venezuela to extend its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf claims over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer; anti-money-laundering enforcement is weak, making the country particularly vulnerable to money laundering


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Source : CIA's World Fact Book 2008

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