Countries of the World
Svagata in India !


Hi ! Svagata !
My name is Lucile, I am 15 years old and I am French.
Welcome to my blog about India ! Take time to see this blog because India is a very beautiful country.
We can describe India in 3 words : the splendour of Asia, beauty and a symbol : the Taj Mahal.
You will discover on my blog the different faces of this country.




India is a country located in South-east Asia, between Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Burma ( Myanmar ) and Sri Lanka.
Its surface is of 3 287 590 km².
There are 1 095 351 995 inhabitants and it is the second country of the world after China the most populated.
There are around 3000 languages spoken in India but Hindi and English are the most spoken.
Its capital is New Delhi.




You can see the Indian flag and hear the national anthem : here.




JANA GANA MANA

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya hé
Bharata-Bhaguya-Vidhata
Punjaba-Sindhou-Goujarata-Maratha
Dravida-Outkala-Banga
Vindhya-Himachala-Yamouna-Ganga
Ouchhala-Jaladhi-Taranga
Tava shoubha namé jagué
Tava sboubha ashisha magué
Gahé tava jaya gatha.
Jana-gana-mangala dayaka, jaya hé
Bharata-Bhaguya-Vidhata
Jaya hé, jaya hé, jaya hé
Jaya, jaya, jaya, jaya hé.


The Indian currency is the Indian rupee.
1 Indian rupee = 100 paise


There are 24 officials languages spoken by Indians :
Hindi ( the first one spoken by around 40% of the population ), English, Bengali, Telugu, Maithili, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamais, Sindhi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Bodo, Dogri, Konkani, Kashmiri, Kannada, Karnataka, Konkani, Nepali and Manipuri.

But 3000 other languages are also spoken.

I found a site where you can learn all the languages of India : here.


Aishwarya Rai, Miss World 1994, is the woman the most known in India.
Also actress, she is very famous with movies like with " Bride and Prejudice ".


There are 6 religions in India : Islam ( 14 % of the population ), Christianity ( 2.4 % of the population ),...


...Hinduism ( 80 % of the population ), Sikhism ( 2 % of the population ),...


...Buddhism ( 0.7 % of the population ), Jainism ( 0.5 % of the population ) and other religions...


Like in all my other blogs, I propose you to hear music of the country :
1-Yeh Payar to hay aik dhoka.
2-Bole Chudiyan of Bharati.
3-Mere Haath Main Tera Haath of Kajol and Amir Khan.
4- Dholna of SRK and Madhuri.
5-Hamari Shaadi Mein of Amrita Rao and Shahid Kapur.
6-Dil Laga Liya Maine of Dil Hai Tumhaara.
7-Chaiya chaiya of Shahrukh.


The sari is the traditional garment worn by many women in India ( and also in Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka ). The sari is a very long strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from five to nine yards in length, which can be draped in various styles.


The technique of draped sari varies according to the regions, the castes, the activities, the religions,...
It exists around 31 types of draped.




Mahatma Gandhi ( मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी ) was born the 2nd of October 1869, in British India.
This man is not like the others, he has helped India to have its independence in 1947 ( August 15th ) with his friend Nehru. Two countries are created : Pakistan ( with Muslims ) and India ( with Hindus ).
He died at the age of 78 years old, the 30th of January 1948, in New Delhi in a new country : India.
Today, we can see Gandhi everywhere : on the Indian currency, at the house of all Indians, on statues, ...


The monsoon is a name of a winds system, especially in the Indian Ocean and South Asia.
We never know when it will be present and it is possible it creates famines but also good rice cultures.
The monuments :


The Taj Mahal : monument of an only country in the world...

This monument is located to Agra, in the North of India. It has been built by a man : the Emperor Shâh Jahân ( he had just the idea ) because he wanted to have a monument in honnor of his wife, Arjumand Bânu Begam, died after the born of their 14th child, the 17th of June 1631.
The construction began in 1632 and it finishes in 1644. Around 20 000 men and 1000 elephants worked for the constuction of this monument.


The Ganges is one of the 7 sacred rivers of India.
Its length is of 2 510 km and its surface is of 907 000 km².
Varnasi is the city where all the Hindus want to die because it is considered like the city the most sacred and located near the Ganges.


The wind palace or Hawa Mahal :

This palace, one of the most known in India is situated in the city of Jaipur, in Rajasthan.
It was built in 1799, by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. Its original intention was to allow royal ladies to observe everyday life in the street below without being seen.


The Himalayas are the biggest mountains in Asia and in the World.
They are present in 6 countries : Nepal, China, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. But the mount Everest ( the mount the most elevated in the world ) is located in Nepal.


The Lotus temple :

This temple, also called Bahai temple, welcomes each year 3 million and a half visitors.
It represents a lotus flower between 9 petals.
It is located to Delhi.


Goa is a very beautiful Indian city.
It was a Portuguese colony, this is why we can see an European architecture on the walls of the buildings. It is also renowned for its beautiful beaches.





Pondichery is also a beautiful city.
It was a French colony and this is why it has an European architecture.
There, French is still spoken and there are even a French Lycee ( high school ) and a French institute.


Humayun's tomb :

Humayun inherited the Mughal dynasty when his father Babur died in 1530. His reign got off to a good start, but his addiction to luxury at the palaces at Agra left the door open for ambitious men to plot behind his back. Ten years into his reign, Humayun was overthrown by the opportunist Sher Shah, who took advantage of Afghan tribesmen to force Humayun into exile in Iran, which was then ruled by the Safavid dynasty.

Sher Shah died in 1545 and his sucessor was never able to assert the authority over the Afghani tribes that Sher Shah had enjoyed. As the remnants of the Shah's regime unraveled, Humayun mounted a restoration army and marched into Delhi in 1555. The aged Humayun had little time to celebrate, however, for barely six months later he died from a fall in his library at Sher Mandai.

Humayun's tomb is believed to have been designed by his widow. Its plan, based on the description of Islamic paradise gardens, is known to have inspired the Taj Mahal and many later Mughal tombs. This type of garden is known as a charbagh and is based on a grid (see below).

In 1857, the tomb was used as shelter by Bahadur Shah Zafar and his three princes during the first war of Independence.


Jal Mahal :

Jal Mahal is located in Jaipur India, which is the capital of the State of Rajasthan. It is on the way to Sisodia garden. The rajput style "Water Palace" sits in the center of the Man Sarobar lake. The lake is often dry in the summer but winter monsoons frequently turn it into a beautiful lake filled with water


Bengal tigers live in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar and in the South of China ( Tibet ).
Its fur is generally orange-brown with black stripes but there are also with Bengal tigers.
It is the national animal of both Bangladesh and India


India is a big productor of rice.


And the largest productor of tea in the World.


But India has important problems :
-Today, we can see India as a modern country but poverty is hidden by this modernism.
-There is a war between India and Pakistan about Kashmir ( region situated in the North of India ).
-Many shanty towns ( Delhi,... )
-Many children are used like soldiers and many other die because they are hungry.
...




Thanks very much to have visited my blog.

You can go on my other blogs : about Sudan, about France, about Brazil ( blog of the month on March 2008 ), about Korea ( blog of the month on February 2007 ), about Sri Lanka ( blog of the month on October 2006 ), about China ( blog of the month on July 2007 ), about Vietnam ( blog of the month on April 2007 ), about Tanzania or about Japan ( blog of the month on May 2007 ).



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Svagata in India ! (Countries of the World)    -    Author : Lucile (france) - India


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